A Complete Penetration Testing Guide

A Complete Penetration Testing Guide

Security vulnerabilities will always be present in your business. Unfortunately, you cannot take action on any vulnerability if you do not know if it is there in the first place. You have to find ways of identifying these vulnerabilities. One of the ways to identify these vulnerabilities is through penetration testing.

Penetration testing is the process of looking for vulnerabilities in an application by evaluating the network and system using several malicious techniques. This way, you can check the application’s weak points through a simulated attack. Hackers would use a similar process to gain access to the applications. By ethically hacking the system, your organization will prevent real hackers from accessing the system.

Why Is Penetration Testing Vital?

Penetration Testing Consulting Services determine whether the defensive measures that you have employed on the system are strong enough to handle various security breaches. This technology is to test the countermeasures you put in place to reduce the chances of a hack.

Here are other reasons why you may want to perform pene-testing.

  • To protect the organization from cybersecurity risk
  • Keep customers’ and company information secure
  • Meet compliance and stakeholder compliance requirements
  • Preserving the company’s reputation and image

Where Do You Find Vulnerabilities?

  • Development and Design Errors: Many systems have software and hardware flaws. The bugs may expose your critical data.
  • Poor configuration of the system: You may have good hardware and software. However, if the configuration is not right, there are chances that you will introduce loopholes that attackers will take advantage of to gain entry.
  • Human error: Human errors may range from improper disposal of information, unknowing sharing of confidential data, such as in the case of social engineering; coding errors, and carelessness when handling critical data.
  • Complexity increases the vulnerability of the application. Each layer could be a new room for the system to be attacked. Simplifying processes helps deal with possible vulnerabilities.

How to Select the Penetration Testing Tools?

There are several tools out there that you can use to detect vulnerabilities in the system. However, they are not all equal. Here are some of the things that you should be looking at when purchasing penetration tools.

  • It should scan the system you are using with ease
  • It should deploy and configure attacks with ease
  • It should reveal which vulnerabilities are more serious and require immediate attention.
  • It should generate a detailed report and log of the vulnerabilities.
  • It should automate the testing process so that you can continuously check for risks and address them.
  • It should be supported by quality support services regularly updating its capabilities as new risks become apparent.

Types of Penetration Testing

There are different ways to perform penetration testing depending on the tools that you are using. However, there are four major ways to carry out a test, as explained below.

  • Internal testing: This involves employees testing the system.
  • External Testing: This simulates what a hacker may do to access your application or the system. It examines DNS, email, web servers, and firewalls.
  • Blind testing: This method simulates attacks on your system by people who do not have specific operational information except what is found in the public domain.
  • Double-blind testing: This is a simulation of a real attack without giving any information to the tester or keeping the organization alert for an impending attack.

Penetration Box Testing

Box testing” denotes the amount of information available to the testers. The testing spectrum moves from the black box to the white box. The black box denotes a case where the technical team has very basic information about the system. In contrast, the white box is where the team has a high level of knowledge and access to the system. The methodology and time spent hacking change depending on the information one has.

An assessment of your security system is vital in the face of changing attacks. The most effective way to know the elements you can hold is by simulating attacks on your infrastructure. Check the target areas that may interest hackers and determine the loopholes they may want to exploit to gain entry. Use this guide to determine the appropriate approach and tool for the next set of tests.